why would he need all of this help?
Hell, if all I ever had to do in college was eat, sleep and go to class, my GPA might have somehow managed to exhume itself from academic purgatory.
If he is transferring, he is not going to go through Spring ball and risk injury.
Wherever he is headed, he would enroll in Summer session.
... regardless of whether or not he accepts the 5th year, just as any senior on-track to graduate in four years would be given.
What, if anything, is required of him to stay on scholarship through the spring if he has expressed his intention to transfer?
Acceptable grades and behavior. No other conditions simply because he wants to pursue football (or life) after four years.
Admittedly, I don't know. I would expect that the players have resources available to them as members of the football team/program.
By contacting other schools and perhaps even reaching an agreement to transfer, he's no longer part of the team. He's a student at Notre Dame, and would be given all resources available to students. But not all resources are created equal.
For the sake of argument, let's say that he decides to go to Clemson. Should he be participating in an organized study hall with the ND team in that scenario? I'm not talking about kicking him to the curb, obviously, but that doesn't seem to be an appropriate scenario.
1) He takes the fifth year and competes for the starting QB job. I'd expect a 2 headed monster like we saw against LSU.
2) He decides to transfer soon. ND still gives him all of the same support academically that he'd have if he were returning. This would be a great demonstration of our commitment to the academic success of our players, and allow Golson to go on to a starting job elsewhere with an ND degree and a great relationship with the university.